La vie de Nelson Mandela

La vie de Nelson Mandela

Près de quatre ans après le décès de Nelson Mandela, voici une rétrospective en images sur la vie politique et intime de « Madiba », l’homme qui a profondément marqué l’histoire de l’Afrique du Sud.

  • Nelson Mandela jeune militant anti-apartheid dans les années 1950
  • Nelson Mandela, leader de l’ANC en tenue de boxe et en pose de combat (1950)
  • Nelson Mandela et Oliver Tambo co-fondateurs de la Ligue de la jeunesse de l’ANC
  • Nelson Mandela et son ex-femme Winnie à Soweto pour fêter sa libération (1990)
  • Nelson Mandela vote pour la première fois de sa vie (1994)
  • Nelson Mandela assiste à la Marche de victoire de l’ANC à Johannesburg (1994)
  • Nelson Mandela fait campagne pour la première élection démocratique en Afrique du sud (1995)
  • Nelson Mandela et la Reine Elizabeth II à un banquet au Cap (1995)
  • Nelson Mandella entouré d’artistes pour la lutte contre le sida au concert 46664 (2003)
  • Nelson Mandela célèbre ses 90 ans pendant le concert 46664 (2008)
  • Nelson Mandela fait du tourisme à Londres (2008)
  • Nelson Mandela avec l’actrice Charlize Theron (2009)
  • Nelson Mandela au Ellis Park Stadium lors du match de rugby Afrique du sud-Nouvelle Zélande (2009)
  • Nelson Mandela à Robben Island avec la flamme olympique (2009)
  • Nelson Mandela et sa femme actuelle Graça Machel (2009)

Né le 18 juillet 1918 dans une province du Cap, Nelson Mandela appartient à ces hommes d’État emblématiques qui ont changé l’Histoire. Parmi les dirigeants historiques de la lutte contre le système politique institutionnel de ségrégation raciale puis Président de la République d’Afrique, celui qu’on surnomme Madiba  est un symbole de la lutte contre l’Apartheid. Retour sur sa vie.

1943 – 1962 : de l’ANC à la prison

Au début des années 40, Nelson Mandela intègre l’ANC, le Congrès National Africain, parti politique d’Afrique du Sud dédié à défendre la cause noire, déclaré hors la loi pendant l’Apartheid. L’ANC deviendra un mouvement clandestin et Nelson Mandela qui luttait contre la minorité blanche et la ségrégation raciale finira en prison en 1962. Ainsi, il devient le symbole de la lutte contre les inégalités raciales.

Années 90 : de la sortie de prison au Prix Nobel de la Paix

Nelson Mandela aura passé 27 ans en prison. « Madiba » aurait pu être libéré plus tôt à plusieurs reprises, mais le symbole des libertés a souhaité y rester pour être cohérent avec ses convictions. Relâché en février 1990, Nelson Mandela oeuvre pour la réconciliation avec le gouvernement et obtient en 1993 le Prix Nobel de la Paix pour avoir mis fin au régime de l’Apartheid. Par la suite, il tente l’ouverture et présente une vision nouvelle de l’Afrique du Sud.

1994 : Nelson Mandela, premier président noir d’Afrique du Sud

Quatre ans seulement après sa sortie de prison, Nelson Mandela accède au pouvoir et devient le premier président noir de l’Afrique du Sud. Sa démarche est simple : créer une Afrique du Sud démocratique et provoquer la réconciliation entre les Noirs et les Blancs. Par cette ascension, « Madiba » devient un personnage emblématique, une personnalité mondialement connue qui a bousculé les esprits. Il interviendra beaucoup pour s’exprimer sur les droits de l’homme et est reconnu comme le père d’une Afrique du Sud multiraciale.

Années 2000 : après la présidence

Malade depuis 2001, Nelson Mandela est atteint d’un cancer. En 2004, sa santé déline et il se retire de la vie publique. Le 10 décembre 2013, « Madiba » décède. Une centaine d’hommes d’États lui rendront hommage, notamment Barack Obama qui a prononcé un discours officiel.

Nelson Mandela est inhumé cinq jours après sa mort dans le village de Qunu où il a passé une partie de son enfance.

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