SOUNDIATA KEITA

SOUNDIATA KEITA

Soundiata Keita (1190-1255) roi du Manden (ou Manding) , ancien royaume situé en Guinée, est le fondateur de l’empire du Mali dont il devient l’empereur en 1235-1236.

Son épopée fait l’objet d’une tradition orale rapportée par les griots.

Initié à la confrérie des chasseurs malinkés, victorieux contre son adversaire Soumaworo à la bataille de Kirina, il est proclamé « Mansa » et fixe la capitale de son empire à Niani (Guinée).

C’est au moment de son intronisation qu’au nom de la confrérie des chasseurs il aurait proclamé la charte du Manden.

Soundiata a développé l’exploitation des mines d’or, de cuivre, et de sel gemme qui allaient assurer, un siècle et demi durant, la prospérité et la suprématie de son immense empire.

empire-du-mali-carte
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